Wednesday, 29 November 2017

Transpact Enterprises at India International Trade Fair 2017.

It was an enriching experience for the team of Transpact Enterprises to be a part of the 37th edition of India’s largest integrated Trade fair i.e India International Trade Fair 2017 inaugurated at the hands of Honourable President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind. Managed by India Trade Promotion Organisation the format weaved together the Business, Social, Cultural and Educational dimensions with B2B and B2C components.

The fair Commenced from November 14 and lasted up to November 2017. The theme of the fair for 2017 was "Startup India Stand-up India". Vietnam was partner country, while Kyrgyzstan was the focus country, the fair was the showcase of India on the global stage. There were 7,000 exhibitors, including 222 companies from 22 countries along with thirty-two Indian states and union territories. Transpact was privileged to be a part of such a Mega event of the country.

After a strenuous scrutiny conducted by the Government of Maharashtra of about more than 200 start-ups, Transpact was selected amongst 60 others to represent the State of Maharashtra at IITF and be a part of Maharashtra Pavilion.

We showcased our award winning & forerunner product “The Vestibulator “to more than 6,00,000 visitors which included Overseas Trade Delegations, Foreign Emissaries, Business Leaders, Decision Makers, Policy Makers, State Ministries, Government Departments, Private sector players and Public also. Designed in joint research with The Industrial Research and Consultancy Centre, IIT B to stimulate the vestibular system of the user especially for children suffering from Cerebral Palsy & Autism;The Vestibulator is an unique, innovative, mechanized, digital healthcare solution (device) to achieve   maximum Vestibular Stimulation for vestibular, neuro-developmental and sensory integration therapy.  

I am happy to share that We received a tremendous response from the visitors including the queries about where the Vestibulator could be brought from, when will it be in the market for sale and so on. The concept, design, technology and the extent of Vestibulators’ socio-economic impact & relevance received an optimistic feedback technology experts, policy makers, academicians, general public and visitors such as Shri Ramdas Athawale -Minister of State for Social Justice, Shri Shivaji Daund-Managing Director MSSIDC, Shri Harshadeep Kamble -State Development Commissioner  (Industries) , Mr. Kush Kesari -CS MSSIDC and many more.

Maharashtra Pavilion received a special appreciation from the Government of India for its excellent display of start-ups.  

Glimpses of fair are attached herein.      


Being a less stressed parent …

Like I have always said parenthood is not easy. Raising a child is a big responsibility, a never-ending journey of love, care, compassion also equally stressful. And if you have a child with Special needs things tend to be more difficult as a parent. It is a prolonged journey of learning and improvisation to be a better parent.

In today’s world when life is so stressful in all aspects, managing stress as a parent of child with special needs is challenging. Being positive about the things and having healthy attitude towards life is very important to manage this stress. Acceptance of the things around and being thankful for what you have got really helps. Along with taking care of your child concentrating on your own health is also a must. Including proper nutrition, sleep and exercise as part of your daily routine helps as taking care of child with special need is a time and energy consuming process.

Spending time yourself will always help you to rejuvenate and start a fresh. So, always manage to have time for yourself may be just 15 mins of morning walk, but do have it. There is nothing wrong in Seeking help from friends, family and caregivers. Accepting help from others can reduce your worries and stress to some extent.

One needs to be healthy at heart and mind first to look after the other. It implies to all the relationships including parent and the child. For you to have healthy family ties you should take care of yourself and be a less stressed individual first.

 Learn to manage, organise the routine and take life as it comes surely it will help you to have a less stressful life as a parent.

Sunday, 22 October 2017

Adaptive Clothing

Most of us know or could have come across someone who has a disability or any medical physical challenge which makes the simple tasks of daily routine challenging or difficult. There is a huge count of individuals who have limited mobility may it be temporary or permanent in nature which requires a high level of care by others. Thus, adaptive clothing forms a very essential part of this care taking.  Adaptive clothing are the dresses or outfits and footwear especially designed for the individuals with physical disabilities, bed-ridden patients, the elderly’s and so on. Basically, for those who have difficulty in dressing themselves due to incapability to use as buttons, zippers i.e. any sort of clothing closures or due to a lack of a full range of motion required for self-dressing for example individuals suffering from the spectrum of Cerebral Palsy -the quadriplegics and paraplegics. 

Adaptive clothing is not only meant to comfort the dressing process of specially abled but also to inculcate a sense of wellbeing in them. Adaptive clothing is one of the prime assisting things easing the challenges faced by the caregivers (parents, nurses etc).

Adapted clothes help the special abled or elderly patient to provide themselves with some level of self-care and comfort to access medical devices, wheel chairs etc thus making them retain their dignity. These come in varied styles and offer easy access to body parts for use of any medical appliance /device without removing the entire garment, and makes it easier to change or remove clothing.

Adaptive clothing’s come in fabrics which are soft, not abrasive to the skin and of the highest quality to withstand severe cleaning & usage.  Special attention is paid to the location of fasteners and zippers. They come in all shapes & sizes to comfortably fit to the users.

Sunday, 8 October 2017

The Developmental Milestones.

Every child is unique and has his/hers’ own growth pace. The developmental journey of child is different in every case so is parenthood. The first roll over, crawl etc have their own charm and all together a different experience for parent. However, it is very necessary for a parent to make a note of all the milestones a child is attaining and when. It is very important to evaluate the gross motor development that is the physical development, speech and language, reasoning and social behaviour of a child from time to time.
As said earlier the development of every child is unique however the developmental journey has its own commonly set milestones. These are set of physical or behavioural activities that children generally show at that particular age group be it months or years.

It is important for a parent to keep a tab of these milestones because these are important markers in determining the overall development of a child from time to time. Attainment of developmental milestones in timely manner is indeed a very good indication of growth of one’s child. Any deflection or delay can be an indication of a developmental disorder in the child which might need the intervention by a specialist. Thus, Sooner the detection better it is. 

Tuesday, 26 September 2017

Common Vestibular Dysfunctions

There nearly 54 million people suffering from various other vestibular disorders. “1 in 5” people in the world are affected by some or the other vestibular disorders.

Few most common vestibular dysfunctions are:

1. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
BPPV is the most common cause of vertigo. A short-lived, strong episode of vertigo activated by a specific change in the position of the head. There are both severe and mild forms of BPPV, which lead to different clinical symptoms.

2. Vestibular Neuronitis/Neuritis
Vestibular Neuronitis is characterised by severe and sudden onset vertigo, which is caused by inflammation of the vestibular nerve and often accompanied with nausea and vomiting.

3. Unexplained dizziness
Sometimes it very difficult, particularly in the acute phase to determine the cause of dizziness. it is important see neurotherapeutic doctor to ensure and eliminate any serious problem if any .

4. Falls
Many factors contribute to falls in the elderly and in those with neurological disorders such as stroke, Parkinson’s and Multiple Sclerosis. It is essential to have an assessment that screens the physiological systems that contribute to falls risk.

5. Ataxia
Poor co-ordination, tremor and reduced postural stability and balance create difficulties with many activities of daily living. There are many conditions that cause ataxia including stroke, multiple sclerosis and brain injury.

6. Migraine
Migraine is a common disorder of central sensory processing. It leads to  episodic symptoms, the most common of which is headache. However, migraine does not always cause headache, with some rare forms of migraine leading to dizziness. Other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and light and noise sensitivity are common.

7. Meniere’s Disease
Meniere’s disease is a rare, chronic ailment that lead to episodic attacks of dizziness, nausea and vomiting, often with slow deterioration in the ability to balance and one-side hearing loss.

8. Endolyphatic Hydrops
Endolymphatic hydrops result in episodes of dizziness, imbalance and hearing changes.

9. Labyrinthitis
Labyrinthitis is an infection within the inner ear, which causes vertigo and imbalance sensations.

10. High Level gait disorders
Many people develop problems with walking, such as intermittent difficulty in walking, reduced confidence, and slow or shuffling steps.

11. Cervical Vertigo
In some cases, problems with the neck leads to feelings of dizziness and disequilibrium.

12. Perilymph fistula :
It is leakage of inner ear fluid into the middle ear. Perilymph fistula can occur after a head injury, dramatic changes in air pressure, physical exertion, ear surgery, or chronic ear infections.

13. Mal de Debarquement syndrome:
A feeling of continuously rocking or bobbing, typically after an ocean cruise or other sea travel. Usually the symptoms go away a few hours or days after you reach land. Severe cases, however, can last months or even years, and the cause remains unknown.

14. Acoustic Neuroma :
An acoustic neuroma is a benign (non-malignant), usually slow-growing tumour that develops from the nerves of inner ear.

15. Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction:
Reduction or loss of vestibular function bilaterally results in difficulty maintaining balance, especially when walking in the dark or on uneven surfaces, and a decrease in the patient’s ability to see clearly during head movements.

16. CANVAS Syndrome :
Patients with CANVAS combine cerebellar ataxia (i.e. coordination problems -- the CA), peripheral nerve damage (neuropathy - N), and loss of vestibular function (vestibular areflexia -- the VA). This combination causes major disturbances to balance as each of these systems alone contributes to balance.

17. Concussion :
Concussion can occur under the following conditions:
The head strikes a stationary object.  Common examples include a fall where the head hits the ground or an object, or hitting the head on an object during an auto accident.
An object hits the head, such as a ball or stick during sports, or because of human collision.
A quick acceleration/deceleration of the head with no contact to any surface.  This can occur in dancers and gymnasts due to rapid movement, or during an auto accident where there appears to be no head trauma.
Trauma to the brain can result in abnormal vestibular system functioning, and the brain can receive abnormal signals regarding the position and movement of the head in space.

Monday, 18 September 2017

Cerebral Palsy & Types

Cerebral Palsy : Nearly 170 million people throughout the globe are affected by Cerebral Palsy with 25000 additional people every year according to world Cerebral Palsy Day organization Australia. Cerebral palsy is a Non curable disease caused by injuries or abnormalities of the brain at young age or low oxygen supply at any age.At present it is the most commonly occurring developmental disorder in the world. 3 to 4 children per 1000 births develop this condition by birth and many get affected in the early stages of growth.
Some important effects of cerebral palsy are Muscle tightness and spasticity, difficulty in moving or involuntary movements – This can include disturbances in gait, balance, coordination, walking, staying still, and more depending on an individual's condition and the affected areas of the brain. Mental Retardation, Learning disabilities, Breathing Difficulties – because of postural problems, feeding trouble – the muscles used for feeding may be impaired in people with cerebral palsy. This can lead to malnutrition and troubles with development and growth. There is no cure except occupational & physical therapy with supplementary medicines for this disorder.

Types of Cerebral Palsy:Cerebral palsy is categorized using two factors: the type of movement issues and the body part(s) being affected.

There are four types of cerebral palsy namely spastic, athetoid, ataxic and mixed type.
The type of movement problems seen in Cerebral Palsy Children/individuals depends on how severely a brain injury has impacted muscle tone. Muscle tone is the strength and tension of the muscles.
Terms used to describe how cerebral palsy affects muscle tone are
Hypotonia – Low muscle tone, causing a loss of strength and firmness
Hypertonia –  High muscle tone, causing rigidity and spasmodic movement
Different Types of Cerebral Palsy

Spastic Cerebral Palsy : Spastic cerebral palsy is the most common type of CP, making up 70 to 80 percent of cases. People with spastic cerebral palsy often experience exaggerated or jerky movements (hypertonia).
Common signs and symptoms of spastic cerebral palsy include:
Awkward reflexes
Stiffness in one part of the body
Contractures (permanently tightened muscles or joints)
Abnormal gait

Athetoid Cerebral Palsy :  About 10 percent of children with cerebral palsy are identified with athetoid CP, or “non-spastic CP”. This type of CP is characterized by a mixture of hypotonia and hypertonia, which causes muscle tone to fluctuate. The main feature of athetoid cerebral palsy is involuntary movement in the face, upper body and limbs.
Common symptoms related with athetoid cerebral palsy are:
Stiff or rigid body
Floppiness in the limbs
Problems with posture
Issues feeding

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy: Ataxia is a type of CP that causes problems with balance and coordination. Ataxic cerebral palsy makes up a small percentage of all cases.
Common symptoms of ataxic cerebral palsy include:
Difficulty speaking
Problems with depth perception
Shakiness and tremors
Spreading feet apart when walking

Mixed Cerebral Palsy: When a child is showcasing symptoms of more than one type of CP, it is mixed cerebral palsy. This diagnosis makes up less than 10% of all CP cases. The most common mixed cerebral palsy diagnosis is a combination of spastic and athetoid CP

Location of Movement Problems
Monoplegia: Only one limb’s movement of the individual is affected. This type is very rare.
Diplegia: Two limbs, generally the legs, are affected. Premature birth commonly results in Diplegia.
Hemiplegia: One side of the body is affected. The arm is usually more impacted than other limbs, distinguished by a rigidly flexed wrist or elbow. Some people with hemiplegia may not be able to use the affected hand. Prenatal bleeding in the brain can cause hemiplegia.
Triplegia: Three limbs are affected.
Quadriplegia: All four limbs are involved, but the legs are affected worse than the arms. There may be limited control over facial muscles as well.
Double hemiplegia: Like quadriplegia, all four limbs are affected, but the arms are more affected than the legs.

Sunday, 27 August 2017

Dizziness & Vestibular Rehabilitation

If you are suffering from dizziness, wooziness, light-headedness or unsteadiness then you are not alone. It has been estimated that 65% of individuals over the age of 60 experience dizziness or loss of balance on a regular basis, and vestibular problems account for one third patients reporting to doctors with symptoms of vertigo and dizziness.1, 2 In fact, recent research out of Johns Hopkins University suggests that as many as 35% of adults over the age of 40 in the United States (i.e., 69 million Americans) have some form of vestibular dysfunction as measured by a postural balance test.3

Dizziness can result in an inability to work, leave the house, walk, or stand. It also contributes to falls and severe injuries. Physiotherapy and vestibular rehabilitation as part of overall healthcare plan can help provide relief.

Physiotherapy for dizziness typically consists of vestibular rehabilitation. This is an exercised-based program to encourage the central nervous system to compensate for problems with the Vestibular apparatus
An assessment is typically carried out first to assess sensation, gather information about pain and severity, muscle strength, range of motion, posture, balance, coordination, and general abilities. Once this assessment is complete, a fully customized exercise plan is created aiming at decreasing symptoms and improving the function.

The treatment model contains Balance/coordination activities to retrain body awareness, Eye and head movement exercises which reduce dizziness & Flexibility and/or strengthening exercises.

At home exercises & proper counselling are the integral part of the treatment programme.  

A proper treatment model promoting a healthy lifestyle can help restore a person’s balance, mobility, and coordination. With vestibular rehabilitation, a person’s dizziness can reduce or get eliminated and they can return to their normal standard of living.


1Hobeika CP. Equilibrium and balance in the elderly. Ear Nose Throat J. August 1999; 78(8): 558–62, 565–6.
2Neuhauser HK, Radtke A, von Brevern M Et al. Burden of dizziness and vertigo in the community. Arch Intern Med. 2008; 168(19):2118–2124.
3Agrawal Y, Carey JP, Della Santina CC, Schubert MC, Minor LB. Disorders of balance and vestibular function in US adults. Arch Intern Med. 2009; 169(10): 938 944.