Individuals with Cerebral Palsy & Autism especially children require intervention of Speech and language therapists (SLTs) in the course of their treatment so that they can improve their communication skills & learn to effectively communicate with others .In case of Cerebral Palsy a lot of children have difficulties with their speech .In fact Speech disorder is basically an associative condition with CP.As far as Autism is concerned Some do not speak, while others love to talk but have difficulty during conversations and/or understanding the tone & variations of language and nonverbal indications when talking with others.
Speech and language therapists (SLTs) are health professionals who work along with parents, teachers, nurses, occupational therapists and doctors and offer treatment, support and care for children and adults who have difficulties with communication, or talking. It also affects a child’s ability of drinking, swallowing, eating and breathing as they all conflicts with proper communication skills in case of Cerebral Palsy.Speech-language therapy is so planned and designed to manage the mechanism of speech & usage of language of & by an individual. The Therapy begins with evaluation of the individual by a speech-language pathologist. The aim is to assess his/her verbal aptitudes and challenges. The pathologist sets goals for treatment after the evaluation. In every case, the primary goal is to help the person communicate in more useful and functional ways which may include learning/mastering spoken language and/or learning nonverbal communication skills such as signs or gestures. Overall the therapy helps the Child with articulation, listening, language development, Vocabulary enhancement, comprehension of words and improvement in conversation skills
The therapy can be provided in one-on-one, in a small group or in a classroom setting. Therapists who work with children have additional specialized training. Games, songs, blocks, Legos, flashcards etc. are the part of normal therapy exercises which makes the session interactive & Child friendly. However active involvement of parents with the child at home & in completion of assignments prescribed by the therapist is equally important for the child’s development and making him/her more independent also in enabling them to lead more fulfilling life.